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ORION MINERALS LIMITED - Shallow Massive Sulphide Intersections at Two Near-Mine Prospects at the Prieska Copper-Zinc Project

Release Date: 12/11/2020 08:10
Code(s): ORN     PDF:  
Wrap Text
Shallow Massive Sulphide Intersections at Two Near-Mine Prospects at the Prieska Copper-Zinc Project

Orion Minerals Limited
Incorporated in the Commonwealth of Australia
Australian Company Number 098 939 274
ASX share code: ORN
JSE share code: ORN
ISIN: AU000000ORN1
(“Orion” or “the Company”)

Shallow Massive Sulphide Intersections at Two Near-Mine Prospects at the Prieska Copper-Zinc Project

Initial diamond drilling underway at exciting Kielder VMS prospect, just 15km from mine infrastructure

Drilling at the Kielder Project located 15km from the planned mill at the proposed Prieska Copper-
Zinc Mine in the Northern Cape, South Africa intersects massive copper and zinc sulphide

Intersections are near surface.

Drilling tested outcropping VMS-style mineralisation with results of up to 4.8m @ 0.46% Cu, 6.18% Zn
and 15g/t Ag from historical shallow drilling by Newmont SA in the 1970s.

Rigs now moved to test targets at the Jacomynspan Ni-Cu-Co-PGE Prospect on Orion’s Areachap
prospecting rights, where it will test for shallow high-grade nickel-copper mineralisation and
provide samples for metallurgical test work.

Orion’s Managing Director and CEO, Errol Smart, commented:

“This is an exciting start to our recently commenced high-impact exploration program at Prieska. We have
intersected shallow, base metal massive sulphide at two different prospects in our very first holes at the near-mine
Kielder Project. This is a clear demonstration of the enormous exploration upside around the proposed Prieska
Copper-Zinc mill which offer opportunities to extend the mine life and grow our production profile in the future.

“Based on visual observations, the intersections we have drilled are geologically very similar to what we see at
the main Prieska copper zinc deposit and, excitingly, they occur at very shallow depths which bodes well for their
future economic potential.

"The planned Prieska Copper-Zinc Mine is one of the few fully permitted and development-ready base metal
assets worldwide, underpinned by a compelling investment case outlined in the updated BFS of May 2020 which
included an NPV (at an 8% discount rate) of AUD779 million from a 12-year foundation phase mine, planned to
produce ~22ktpa of copper and ~70ktpa of zinc1. Exploration success in the near-mine environment will build on
these strong fundamentals, unlocking the potential of what we believe to be a significantly under-explored,
district-scale opportunity in the Northern Cape Province.”

Orion Minerals Limited (ASX/JSE: ORN) (Orion or the Company) is pleased to announce that it has intersected
base metal sulphides at two prospects within 15km of the proposed mill at the planned Prieska Copper-Zinc Mine
(PCZM), within the Prieska Copper-Zinc Project (Prieska Project), in South Africa’s Northern Cape.

Drilling was undertaken at the K3 and K6 prospects within the Kielder Project, located on the Dooniespan
prospecting right, which is located 15km north-west of the planned PCZM, within the Prieska Project (Figure 1).

1 The production target and forecast financial information were first reported in ASX announcement of 26 May 2020: “Updated Feasibility Study Delivers…”
available to the public on All material assumptions underpinning the production target
and forecast financial information in the initial report continue to apply and have not materially changed.

Mineralisation similar to that at the Prieska Project has been intersected at less than 200m from surface at both
K3 and K6 prospects (Figures 4 and 6). Massive, semi massive and disseminated base metal sulphide
mineralisation was intersected as follows:

              HOLE      DOWN HOLE DEPTH      INTERVAL                          Description
             NUMBER     FROM (m)    TO (m)      (m)
K3           OKD031     173.76     174.73     0.97      Massive and semi-massive pyrrhotite and pyrite with traces of chalcopyrite of chalcopyrite
                         188.5     196.01     7.51      Massive and semi-massive pyrite and pyrrhotite with sphalerite up to 10%
             OKD033       90.3      108.8     18.5      Disseminated pyrite and pyrrhotite with traces of sphalerite
                         108.8      109.5      0.7      Massive pyrite with sphalerite up to 5%
K6           OKD32       123.2     127.03     3.83      Massive pyrite with sphalerite up to 10%
                        127.03     127.6      0.57      Quartz vein with remobilized sulphide
                         127.6     130.45     2.85      Massive pyrite with traces of sphalerite
                        130.45     131.59     1.14      Disseminated pyrite and pyrrhotite with traces of sphalerite and chalcopyrite
The drill rigs have now moved to the northern Prospecting Rights where drilling will be carried out on the
Company’s Namaqua-Disawell and Masiqhame prospecting rights (Figure 1) at the Boksputs, Kantienpan and
Jacomynspan prospects. (refer ASX release 20 October 2020).

Figure 1: Location maps showing the prospects on Orion’s tenements in the Areachap belt where drilling is taking place during the current
drilling program.

Prieska Project (Kielder)

Newmont South Africa (Newmont) discovered volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) style copper-zinc
mineralisation at three prospects on the Kielder Project in 1976.

The drilling records and exploration reports available to Orion are incomplete, but include reports of feasibility
study work for open pit mining and consideration by Anglovaal and Newmont of a potential joint venture, with
milling of the Kielder open pit ore to be undertaken at the nearby Prieska Copper Mine mill, that was operating
just 15km away at the time.

The tonnages and grades of the ore mentioned in the feasibility study reports cannot be verified by Orion due to
incomplete drilling and exploration records and are therefore not reported in this announcement.

Available Newmont reports indicate that K3 and K6 prospects had returned the best results with maximum
intersections of 4.8m @ 0.46% Cu, 6.18% Zn and 15g/t Ag from 116m in KDH15, at prospect K6, and 13.08m @ 0.23%
Cu and 3.69% Zn from 179.21m in KDH3, at prospect K3. A 1% Zn cut-off was used with no top-cut. Where present,
internal waste is included in the intersections (refer ASX release 20 October 2020).

Newmont drilling only tested the mineralisation at shallow depths with available data showing most of the
intersections at depths of less than 200m. At K3, Newmont drill tested up to the border of the tenement boundary.
The mineralisation potentially continues to the east of the boundary, where Orion has a pending prospecting
right application.

Apart from verifying the Newmont data, the holes drilled by Orion (Figure 2) will provide drill core for mineralisation
characterisation purposes and to provide a platform for follow-up down-hole geophysics.

Orion has demonstrated the value of applying modern, high-powered down-hole geophysics at the nearby
PCZM VMS deposit, where down-hole geophysics assisted in guiding drilling to define a current Mineral Resource                                                                                                                                               
of 30.49Mt @ 1.2% Cu, 3.7% Zn in accordance with the JORC Code 2 (19.13Mt at 1.18% Cu, 3.59% Zn Indicated
Resources and 11.36Mt @ 1.2% Cu, 3.80% Zn Inferred Resources). Several remaining geophysical targets indicate
further extensions of the PCZM deposit at depths of >1,000m below surface (refer ASX release 25 February 2019).

The shallow depth of mineralisation and the strong potential for strike and dip extensions at K3 and K6 – with the
possibility of higher grades and thicknesses extending beyond the limited Newmont drilling grids – offers a
significant opportunity for Orion to delineate a shallow, near-mine deposit which could become a future source
of satellite ore feed to an expanded operation at PCZM.

Figure 2: Massive sulphide intersection in K6 drill hole OKD032 containing copper and zinc sulphides.

Figure 3: Map showing the historical drilling and drill holes at K3.

2 Mineral Resource reported in ASX release of 15 January 2019: “Prieska Total Resource Exceeds 30Mt @ 3.7% Zn and 1.2% Cu Following Updated Open Pit
Resource” available to the public on Competent Person Orion’s exploration:
Mr. Errol Smart. Competent Person: Orion’s Mineral Resource: Mr. Sean Duggan. Orion confirms it is not aware of any new information or data that materially
affects the information included in the original market announcement. Orion confirms that all material assumptions and technical parameters underpinning the
mineral resource estimates continue to apply and have not materially changed. Orion confirms that the form and context in which the Competent Person’s
findings are presented have not been materially modified from the original market announcement.

Figure 4: Cross-section showing the mineralisation intersected in drill holes OKD031 and OKD033 at the K3 Prospect.

Newmont reported its highest-grade drill intersections at Kielder at K6. While little of the Newmont historical drill
information is available to Orion (Figure 4 and Appendix 1), available reports do indicate that the Newmont
geologists found that the geophysical techniques available at the time, including electro-magnetic (EM) surveys,
failed to detect the mineralisation at K6, rendering geophysical targeting for down-dip and along strike
extensions virtually impossible at the time.

Orion drilled a diamond hole at K6 to obtain core for mineral classification purposes and also as a platform for
the application of modern high-powered geophysical methods (Figures 5 and 6).

The Company’s exploration team believes that there is significant potential for a combined approach utilising
structural analysis together with high-powered, modern surface and down-hole geophysics as a viable targeting
method for the mineralisation, which has demonstrated significant copper and zinc grades.

Figure 5: Map of the historical drilling at K6 also showing the planned diamond drill hole.

Figure 6: Cross-section through drill holes KDH15 and OKD032 showing the sulphides intersected in drill hole OKD032.

For and on behalf of the Board.

Errol Smart
Managing Director and CEO

12 November 2020


Investors                                    Media                                          JSE Sponsor
Errol Smart – Managing Director & CEO        Nicholas Read                                  Monique Martinez
Denis Waddell – Chairman                     Read Corporate, Australia                      Merchantec Capital
T: +61 (0) 3 8080 7170                       T: +61 (0) 419 929 046                         T: +27 (0) 11 325 6363
E:                 E:               E:

Competent Person Statement

The information in this report that relates to Exploration Results has been compiled under the supervision of Mr Conrad Louw
van Schalkwyk, a Competent Person who is registered with the South African Council for Natural Scientific Professionals, a
‘Recognised Professional Organisation (RPO). Mr Van Schalkwyk is a full-time employee of Orion in the role of Executive:
Exploration. Mr Van Schalkwyk has sufficient experience that is relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under
consideration and to the activity being undertaken to qualify as a Competent Person as defined in the 2012 Edition of the
‘Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves. Mr Van Schalkwyk consents to
the inclusion in the report of the matters based on his information in the form and context in which it appears.


This release may include forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements may include, among other things,
statements regarding targets, estimates and assumptions in respect of metal production and prices, operating costs and
results, capital expenditures, mineral reserves and mineral resources and anticipated grades and recovery rates, and are or
may be based on assumptions and estimates related to future technical, economic, market, political, social and other
conditions. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s expectations and beliefs concerning future
events. Forward-looking statements inherently involve subjective judgement and analysis and are necessarily subject to risks,
uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside the control of Orion. Actual results and developments may vary
materially from those expressed in this release. Given these uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance
on such forward-looking statements. Orion makes no undertaking to subsequently update or revise the forward-looking
statements made in this release to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this release. All information in respect of
Exploration Results and other technical information should be read in conjunction with Competent Person Statements in this
release (where applicable). To the maximum extent permitted by law, Orion and any of its related bodies corporate and
affiliates and their officers, employees, agents, associates and advisers:

•      disclaim any obligations or undertaking to release any updates or revisions to the information to reflect any change in
       expectations or assumptions;

•      do not make any representation or warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the
       information in this release, or likelihood of fulfilment of any forward-looking statement or any event or results expressed or
       implied in any forward-looking statement; and

•      disclaim all responsibility and liability for these forward-looking statements (including, without limitation, liability for

Appendix 1:

Table 1: Drill hole information and intersections of historical holes drilled on the K3 and K6 prospects Dooniespan 103 portion 6. A 1% Zn cut-off
was used with no top cut-off. Where present, internal waste is included in the intersections.

                                                                              Final                                            Cu           Zn       Au       Ag
Hole No      Prospect        UTM E      UTM N     Inclination   Bearing       Depth             From (m)     Width (m)        wt%          wt%    (g/t)    (g/t)

KDH1           K3           618690    6696414             -55       169       66.06       Hole abandoned
KDH2           K3           618724    6696258             -65       349      199.08               116.32          6.11        0.4         3.01     0.27     3.32
KDH3           K3           618757    6696106             -60       349       274.5               179.21         13.08       0.23         3.69     0.19     4.67
KDH4           K3           618778    6695998             -70       349       491.1               246.95           0.6       0.51         6.84     0.09      3.7
KDH5           K3           618810    6695839             -70       349      596.75                556.4           0.8       0.04         3.59     0.07      2.7
KDH6           K3           619136    6696240             -80       349      405.15      No intersection
KDH7           K3           618918    6696293             -50       349      178.76                104.8           0.6       0.12         1.16     0.14      4.3
KDH8           K3           618540    6696166             -60       349      175.85               151.45          0.35       0.16         0.01   <0.05       1.1
KDH9           K3           618573    6696009             -60       349       288.7                  148             2        0.2         0.01     0.11     0.05
KDH10          K3           618451    6695455             -50       169      138.25    No data available
KDH11          K3           618495    6695300             -45       349       175.5    No mineralisation
KDH15          K6           612652    6694766             -55        79       175.7                  116           4.8       0.46         6.18      0.1     15.4
KDH16          K6           618945    6696163             -60       349       224.6    No mineralisation
KDH17          K6           612668    6694671             -55        79       175.7                114.4           0.3       0.26         2.14      5.9     20.2
KDH18          K6           612608    6694656             -65        79       239.9               184.78           3.1       0.34         5.75      0.3    11.62
KDH19          K6           612612    6694857             -45        79      192.25    No data available
KDH20          K6           612635    6694559             -55        79       274.1    No data available
KDH21          K6           612595    6694956             -45        79                No data available
KDH25          K6           612542    6694749             -55        79       249.8    No data available
KDH26          K6           612576    6694548             -55        79        289     No data available
KDH27          K6           612629    6694456             -65        79       332.8    No data available
KDH28          K6           612504    6694583             -65        79           1    No data available
KDH29          K3           618850    6696138             -60       349      283.35    No data available
KDH30          K3           618699    6695888             -60       349      405.35    No data available

Coordinate system: UTM/WGS84 Zone 34J

Appendix 2: The following tables are provided as a requirement under the JORC Code (2012) requirements for the reporting of Exploration Results for the Namaqua-
Disawell Project: Hartebeestpan (Area 4) and Rok Optel Prospects.

Section 1 Sampling Techniques and Data

(Criteria in this section apply to all succeeding sections.)

Criteria                       JORC Code explanation                                                               Commentary

Sampling techniques            • Nature and quality of sampling (e.g. cut channels, random chips, or specific      • The core from historic holes were sampled in lengths varying from
                                 specialised industry standard measurement tools appropriate to the minerals         0.06m to 2.50m, with a mean of 1.17m. This is appropriate for a
                                 under investigation, such as down hole gamma sondes, or handheld XRF                reconnaissance-level assessment of volcanogenic massive sulphide
                                 instruments, etc.). These examples should not be taken as limiting the broad        deposits.
                                 meaning of sampling.                                                              • No additional details are supplied of the sampling techniques of the
                               • Include reference to measures taken to ensure sample representivity and             historical drilling presented in the figures and tables in this report and
                                 the appropriate calibration of any measurement tools or systems used.               publicly reported here for this first time. It is assumed that the work
                               • Aspects of the determination of mineralisation that are Material to the Public      was undertaken according to the ‘industry standards’ of the period.
                                                                                                                   Current Program
                               • In cases where ‘industry standard’ work has been done this would be
                                 relatively simple (e.g. ‘reverse circulation drilling was used to obtain 1 m      Sample results for the current program are awaited.
                                 samples from which 3 kg was pulverised to produce a 30 g charge for fire
                                 assay’). In other cases, more explanation may be required, such as where          • NQ size cores are cut longitudinally in half and 1 metre sample
                                 there is coarse gold that has inherent sampling problems. Unusual                   lengths were taken. These were varied to honour geological /
                                 commodities or mineralisation types (e.g. submarine nodules) may warrant            mineralisation boundaries.
                                 disclosure of detailed information.                                                 The samples will be analysed by accredited laboratory ALS Chemex (ALS).
Drilling techniques            • Drill type (e.g. core, reverse circulation, open-hole hammer, rotary air blast,   Historic Data
                                 auger, Bangka, sonic, etc.) and details (e.g. core diameter, triple or            • The historical drilling is presented in the figures and text in this report
                                 standard tube, depth of diamond tails, face-sampling bit or other type,             and publicly reported here for this first time.
                                 whether core is oriented and if so, by what method, etc.).                        • Diamond core drilling was undertaken.
                                                                                                                   • No details of the drilling companies used.
                                                                                                                   • BQ size core were drilled. The core is not available.
                                                                                                                   • Drill holes were drilled at -45° to -65°.
                                                                                                                   • There is no record of orientated core.

                                                                                                                   Current Program
                                                                                                                   • Diamond core drilling was undertaken.
                                                                                                                   • HQ and NQ size core was drilled.
                                                                                                                   • Drill holes was drilled at -70 and -60 degrees.
                                                                                                                   • Core was not orientated.

Drill sample recovery       •   Method of recording and assessing core and chip sample recoveries and              • The drill cores were fitted together and recovered length was
                                results assessed.                                                                    measured.
                            •   Measures taken to maximise sample recovery and ensure representative               • Core recovery was found to be excellent (>98%) within the
                                nature of the samples.                                                               mineralised zone.
                            •   Whether a relationship exists between sample recovery and grade and                • No information is available on core recovery in the historic data.
                                whether sample bias may have occurred due to preferential loss/gain of
                                fine/coarse material.

Logging                     • Whether core and chip samples have been geologically and geo-                        • Core of the entire hole length was geologically logged by
                              technically logged to a level of detail to support appropriate Mineral                 qualified geologists.
                              Resource estimation, mining studies and metallurgical studies.                       • Geological logging was qualitative and was carried out using a
                            • Whether logging is qualitative or quantitative in nature. Core (or costean,            standard sheet with a set of standard codes to describe lithology,
                              channel, etc.) photography.                                                            structure and mineralisation. The logging sheet allows for free-form
                            • The total length and percentage of the relevant intersections logged.                  description to note any unusual features.
                                                                                                                   • Geological logs were captured electronically.
                                                                                                                   • All cores were photographed before and after sampling.

Sub-sampling                •   If core, whether cut or sawn and whether quarter, half or all core taken.          • No details are available with respect to sub-sampling techniques
techniques and sample       •   If non-core, whether riffled, tube sampled, rotary split, etc. and whether           and sample preparation for the historical data.
preparation                     sampled wet or dry.                                                                • Not applicable for current program.
                            •   For all sample types, the nature, quality and appropriateness of the sample
                                preparation technique.
                            •   Quality control procedures adopted for all sub-sampling stages to maximise
                                representivity of samples.
                            •   Measures taken to ensure that the sampling is representative of the in-situ
                                material collected, including for instance results for field duplicate/second-
                                half sampling.
                            •   Whether sample sizes are appropriate to the grain size of the material being

Quality of assay data       •   The nature, quality and appropriateness of the assaying and laboratory             • No details are available with respect to laboratory, or quality control
and laboratory tests            procedures used and whether the technique is considered partial or total.            on the historic data.
                            •   For geophysical tools, spectrometers, handheld XRF instruments, etc., the          • Not applicable for current program.
                                parameters used in determining the analysis including instrument make and
                                model, reading times, calibrations factors applied and their derivation, etc.
                            •   Nature of quality control procedures adopted (e.g. standards, blanks,
                                duplicates, external laboratory checks) and whether acceptable levels of
                                accuracy (i.e. lack of bias) and precision have been established.

Verification of sampling    •   The verification of significant intersections by either independent or             • No data is available of any verification of the data or storage of the
and assaying                    alternative company personnel.                                                       historic data.
                            •   The use of twinned holes.                                                          • Not applicable for current program.
                            •   Documentation of primary data, data entry procedures, data verification,
                                data storage (physical and electronic) protocols.
                            •   Discuss any adjustment to assay data.

Location of data points     •   Accuracy and quality of surveys used to locate drill holes (collar and down-       Historic data
                                hole surveys), trenches, mine workings and other locations used in Mineral         • The drill holes are indicated on the geological maps.
                                Resource estimation.                                                               • The collars have been located in the field and surveyed using a
                            •   Specification of the grid system used.                                               handheld Garmin GPS.
                            •   Quality and adequacy of topographic control.                                       • The data are recorded using the WGS84 datum, UTM Zone 34S.
                                                                                                                   • Downhole positions were surveyed using a Sperry-Sun instrument.
                                                                                                                     Data was used to plot the holes on available sections. The recorded
                                                                                                                     data is not available.

                                                                                                                   Current program
                                                                                                                   • Collar positions of the holes were surveyed using a hand-held Garmin GPS.
                                                                                                                   • The data are recorded using the WGS84 datum, UTM Zone 34S.
Data spacing and            •   Data- spacing for reporting of Exploration Results.                                Historic data
distribution                •   Whether the data-spacing and distribution is sufficient to establish the           • At K3 the drill holes were drilled on sections spaced 200m apart over
                                degree of geological and grade continuity appropriate for the Mineral                a strike distance off 400m. Hole spacing were at 160m on the
                                Resource and Ore Reserve estimation procedure(s) and classifications                 sections and two infill holes were drilled.
                                applied.                                                                           • At K6 holes were drilled on section lines 100m apart with hole
                            •   Whether sample compositing has been applied.                                         spacing 60m to 120m on the section lines.
                                                                                                                   • Data spacing is insufficient to establish a Mineral Resource.
                                                                                                                   • No sample compositing was done.

                                                                                                                   Current program
                                                                                                                   • Not applicable. Drill holes were designed to verify historic results
                                                                                                                     and not aimed at Resource estimations.

Orientation of data in      •   Whether the orientation of sampling achieves unbiased sampling of possible         • At K3 the stratigraphy dips steeply to the south. Drilling was
relation to geological          structures and the extent to which this is known, considering the deposit            undertaken from the south to intersect at a reasonable angle to dip.
structure                       type.                                                                              • At K6 the stratigraphy dips steeply to the west. Drilling was
                            •   If the relationship between the drilling orientation and the orientation of key      undertaken from the west to intersect at a reasonable angle to dip.
                                mineralised structures is considered to have introduced a sampling bias, this
                                should be assessed and reported if material.

Sample security             •   The measures taken to ensure sample security.                                      • No data is available on the measures taken to ensure sample
                                                                                                                     security for the historic programs.
                                                                                                                   • Not applicable for current program as no assays are reported.

Audits or reviews           •   The results of any audits or reviews of sampling techniques and data.              • No audits or reviews is known to have been carried out.

Section 2 Reporting of Exploration Results

(Criteria listed in the preceding section also apply to this section.)

Criteria                       JORC Code explanation                                                               Commentary
Mineral tenement and        •  Type, reference name/number, location and ownership including                       • PCZM, formerly Repli Trading No 27 (Pty) Ltd, holds the prospecting
land tenure status             agreements or material issues with third parties such as joint ventures,              rights, namely NC 30/5/1/2/11840, over Dooniespan 106 Portion 3
                               partnerships, overriding royalties, native title interests, historical sites,         for the prospecting of Copper, Zinc, Lead, Gold, Silver, Cobalt,
                               wilderness or national park and environmental settings.                               Sulphur in pyrite, Barytes, Limestone, Sulphur and Molybdenum.
                            •  The security of the tenure held at the time of reporting along with any known       • No historical or environmental impediments to obtaining an
                               impediments to obtaining a licence to operate in the area.                            operating licence are known.
Exploration done by         •  Acknowledgment and appraisal of exploration by other parties.                       • On Dooniespan 206 Portion 3 exploration has been undertaken by
other parties                                                                                                        Newmont SA during the late 1970’s to early 1980’s. Only part of the
                                                                                                                     data is available. 29 diamond drill holes were drilled on four
                                                                                                                     prospects. Geological mapping, IP, gravity and EM surveys were
                                                                                                                     conducted over selected areas. Soil sampling were conducted on
                                                                                                                     a regional grid with follow-up detail surveys over selected areas.
                                                                                                                     Prieska Copper Mines evaluated the Newmont data and did a high
                                                                                                                     level economic appraisal.

Geology                     •  Deposit type, geological setting and style of mineralisation.                      • The Kielder mineralisation occurs as stratabound massive sulphide
                                                                                                                    lenses within a folded sequence of granulite grade quartzo-
                                                                                                                    feldspathic gneiss, basic granulite and amphibolite. Three massive
                                                                                                                    sulphide lenses consisting of pyrite pyhrrotite, sphalerite,
                                                                                                                    chalcopyrite, and galena with gangue minerals consisting of
                                                                                                                    baryte, chlorite, phlogopite, apatite, tourmaline and quartz is
                                                                                                                    known to exist on the property. The mineralisation is classified as
                                                                                                                    volcanogenic massive sulphide type deposits.

Drill hole Information     •  A summary of all information material to the understanding of the                   • Table 1 lists all the historical intersections and drilling data available
                              exploration results including a tabulation of the following information for all       at Kielder.
                              Material drill holes:

                              o easting and northing of the drill hole collar
                              o elevation or RL (Reduced Level – elevation above sea level in metres) of
                                the drill hole collar
                              o dip and azimuth of the hole
                              o down hole length and interception depth
                              o hole length.

                           •  If the exclusion of this information is justified on the basis that the information
                              is not Material and this exclusion does not detract from the understanding of
                              the report, the Competent Person should clearly explain why this is the case.

Data aggregation           •  In reporting Exploration Results, weighting averaging techniques, maximum           • Average was done weighting the samples by sample length.
methods                       and/or minimum grade truncations (e.g. cutting of high grades) and cut-off            Density values are not available.
                              grades are usually Material and should be stated.                                   • A 1% Zn cut-off was applied.
                           •  Where aggregate intercepts incorporate short lengths of high grade results
                              and longer lengths of low grade results, the procedure used for such
                              aggregation should be stated and some typical examples of such
                              aggregations should be shown in detail.
                           •  The assumptions used for any reporting of metal equivalent values should be
                              clearly stated.

Relationship between       •  These relationships are particularly important in the reporting of Exploration      • All drill holes were inclined as to intersect the mineralised horizons as
mineralisation widths         Results.                                                                              close to 900 as possible and the intersection width as close to the
and intercept lengths      •  If the geometry of the mineralisation with respect to the drill hole angle is         true width as possible.
                              known, its nature should be reported.                                               • Where down hole lengths are reported it is stated in the report.
                           •  If it is not known and only the down hole lengths are reported, there should
                              be a clear statement to this effect (e.g. ‘down hole length, true width not
Diagrams                   •  Appropriate maps and sections (with scales) and tabulations of intercepts           • Not material for this report. Plans with drill hole collars are provided
                              should be included for any significant discovery being reported. These                within the text. Historical results are tabulated in Table 1.
                              should include, but not be limited to a plan view of drill hole collar locations
                              and appropriate sectional views.

Balanced reporting         •  Where comprehensive reporting of all Exploration Results is not practicable,        • In the Competent Person’s view, the historic drill results and the
                              representative reporting of both low and high grades and/or widths should             geophysical targets are presented in a balanced manner for the
                              be practiced to avoid misleading reporting of Exploration Results.                    purpose of this Public Report.

Other substantive          •  Other exploration data, if meaningful and material, should be reported              • Extensive geology mapping, geochemical sampling, and airborne
exploration data              including (but not limited to): geological observations; geophysical survey           and ground geophysical programs were undertaken by previous
                              results; geochemical survey results; bulk samples – size and method of                explorers, using the equipment and methods available at that time.
                              treatment; metallurgical test results; bulk density, groundwater, geotechnical        These geophysical data are not all available, and mainly comprises
                              and rock characteristics; potential deleterious or contaminating substances.          plans without the back-up information to verify the data validity.
                                                                                                                    The new geophysical exploration, using modern technology,
                                                                                                                    supersedes all previous geophysics. The geology mapping remains
                                                                                                                    valid and has been digitally captured. The geochemical data have
                                                                                                                    been captured from the original plans and used where
                                                                                                                  • In 2018, Orion undertook a regional SkyTEMTM geophysical survey
                                                                                                                    over the area. The results are reported in ASX releases 16 January
                                                                                                                    2019 and 8 March 2018. Interpretation of the results is ongoing.

Further work               •  The nature and scale of planned further work (e.g. tests for lateral extensions     • Sampling and assaying of samples will be the next step.
                              or depth extensions or large-scale step-out drilling).
                           •  Diagrams clearly highlighting the areas of possible extensions, including the
                              main geological interpretations and future drilling areas, provided this
                              information is not commercially sensitive.


Date: 12-11-2020 08:10:00
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